Prime Minister Donald Tusk of Poland has delivered a powerful message to other European leaders, asking them to back away from ACTA, effectively reversing Poland’s stance on the contentious intellectual property treaty. He explained that Poland would honor its commitments regarding the Vienna Convention on the Treaties, which had been put into place in 1997. The convention states that signatory countries should seek”to guarantee the protection of interests arising from intellectual property.” According to Tusk, Poland will honor its obligations under the conference only if other member states also do so.
ACTA itself has many flaws. For starters it’s largely designed to increase control over global intellectual property. It includes several provisions which allow foreign businesses to weaken their own national laws, including attempts to weaken patents and enforce compulsory licenses. It also contains ambiguous and vague provisions, which is vague on its face but may have serious consequences for the interests of ordinary citizens. ACTA also puts unnecessary regulations about the activities of libraries and archives, and its scope is consequently very broad. It could restrict freedom of speech, transparency, along with other fundamental human rights.
The prime minister has also warned that signing the ACTA without consulting with his celebration (Civic Platform) will be unacceptable. He cited previous cases where Poland has jeopardized its foreign exchange arrangements by signing ACTA. If Poland signs the treaty, it will be isolated, refused access into the European Union, will reduce its preferential treatment for tourism, will likely be treated like pariah countries, will shed its free trade zone, and will eventually become subject to intense global restrictions and regulations. Additionally, Poland will reduce its nuclear deterrent, its leading exports, and its leading companies. Assessing the ACTA isalso, as stated by the prime minister, a self-damaging move.
The prime minister appears to be of the view that the Poles need not change us legislation, since the United Kingdom itself will decide whether to ratify the agreement. According to him, the Warsaw pact was designed to bring security to Europe at a low cost. And since security has to be provided, there’s absolutely no need to change our laws in order to supply the security. That is a gross misunderstanding. There is not any way that the U.K. will consent to modify our laws to provide security, for example the retention of individual solitude, or to alter the basic principles of the rule of law, such as freedom of speech.
The prime minister is incorrect when he says that the recent developments in Egypt under the prior president, a Muslim Brotherhood authorities, and violent protests by the opposition, are a consequence of the new bilateral ACTA treaty. It’s clear that the Egyptians acted out the parameters of their current global arrangements, but the main cause of the epidemic of violence was the new constitution that has been passed in January 2021. What happened there has been a takeover of power by forces loyal to the military leader, General Abdul Fattah el-Sisi, who also was a double US and Egyptian citizen. The new constitution promised equilibrium for the country, but it turned out that this was not so: soon afterwards, the controlled dinosaurs took to the roads to attack police stations, overseas institutions, foreign tourists, as well as Egyptian citizens that were involved in protests against the regime.
This is the principal issue with ACTA: although its own legal flaws don’t affect the countries that have signed the agreement, it is going to cause other authorities, which have not yet done so, to fear they may need to give up their sovereignty so as to join. What’s worse is that the US isn’t only contrary to ratifying the ACTA, but in addition, it considers it a threat to the international individual rights and democratic societies around the world. The State department has publicly stated that it believes the anti-surveillance ACTA a”worrying” document. It also stated that the US does not support the continued illegal downloading of copyrighted content from the internet, or for downloading any information from the Panama Papers. The new Polish government is also opposed to ACTA since it prohibits their authorities from providing access to certain whistle-blowing websites that are generally used by journalists to expose corruption in the public sector.